Pytm:一款Python风格的威胁建模框架

2020-02-26 124912人围观 ,发现 2 个不明物体 工具

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Pytm是一款Python风格的威胁建模框架,它可以帮助我们以Python语言风格的形式并使用pytm框架中的元素和属性来定义你的系统。根据我们的定义参数,pytm可以针对你的系统生成数据流图(DFD)、序列图以及威胁模型。

工具要求

Linux/MacOS

Python 3.x

Graphviz package

Java (OpenJDK 10 or 11)

plantuml.jar

工具下载

广大研究人员可以使用下列命令将该项目源码克隆至本地:

git clone https://github.com/izar/pytm.git

工具使用

tm.py [-h] [--debug] [--dfd] [--report REPORT] [--exclude EXCLUDE] [--seq] [--list] [--describe DESCRIBE]

 

optional arguments:

  -h, --help           show this help message and exit

  --debug              print debug messages

  --dfd                output DFD (default)

  --report REPORT      output report using the named template file (sample template file is under docs/template.md)

  --exclude EXCLUDE    specify threat IDs to be ignored

  --seq                output sequential diagram

  --list               list all available threats

  --describe DESCRIBE  describe the properties available for a given element

当前该工具可用的元素包括:TM、服务器、外部实体、数据存储、Actor、进程、进程集、数据边界和Lambda。

除此之外,我们也可以使用命令“–describe”来查看每一个元素的可用属性:

(pytm) ➜  pytm git:(master) ✗ ./tm.py --describe Element

Element

OS

check

definesConnectionTimeout

description

dfd

handlesResources

implementsAuthenticationScheme

implementsNonce

inBoundary

inScope

isAdmin

isHardened

name

onAWS

如果你是安全从业人员的话,你也可以向“threatlib/threats.json”文件中添加新的威胁属性:

{

   "SID":"INP01",

   "target": ["Lambda","Process"],

   "description": "Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables",

   "details": "This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.",

   "Likelihood Of Attack": "High",

   "severity": "High",

   "condition": "target.usesEnvironmentVariables is True and target.sanitizesInput is False and target.checksInputBounds is False",

   "prerequisites": "The application uses environment variables.An environment variable exposed to the user is vulnerable to a buffer overflow.The vulnerable environment variable uses untrusted data.Tainted data used in the environment variables is not properly validated. For instance boundary checking is not done before copying the input data to a buffer.",

   "mitigations": "Do not expose environment variable to the user.Do not use untrusted data in your environment variables. Use a language or compiler that performs automatic bounds checking. There are tools such as Sharefuzz [R.10.3] which is an environment variable fuzzer for Unix that support loading a shared library. You can use Sharefuzz to determine if you are exposing an environment variable vulnerable to buffer overflow.",

   "example": "Attack Example: Buffer Overflow in $HOME A buffer overflow in sccw allows local users to gain root access via the $HOME environmental variable. Attack Example: Buffer Overflow in TERM A buffer overflow in the rlogin program involves its consumption of the TERM environmental variable.",

   "references": "https://capec.mitre.org/data/definitions/10.html, CVE-1999-0906, CVE-1999-0046, http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/120.html, http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/119.html, http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/680.html"

 }

注意事项

threats.json”文件中包含的字符串可以通过eval()函数来运行,它可以确保文件拥有正确的权限并确保代码能够正确执行。

下面的样本是tm.py文件,它描述了一个简单的应用程序,其中一名用户“User”登录进了应用程序,然后在App上发布了评论。App服务器将这些评论存储进了数据库,服务器中有一个AWS Lambda会定期清理数据库。

#!/usr/bin/env python3

 

from pytm.pytm import TM, Server, Datastore, Dataflow, Boundary, Actor, Lambda

 

tm = TM("my test tm")

tm.description = "another test tm"

 

User_Web = Boundary("User/Web")

Web_DB = Boundary("Web/DB")

 

user = Actor("User")

user.inBoundary = User_Web

 

web = Server("Web Server")

web.OS = "CloudOS"

web.isHardened = True

 

db = Datastore("SQL Database (*)")

db.OS = "CentOS"

db.isHardened = False

db.inBoundary = Web_DB

db.isSql = True

db.inScope = False

 

my_lambda = Lambda("cleanDBevery6hours")

my_lambda.hasAccessControl = True

my_lambda.inBoundary = Web_DB

 

my_lambda_to_db = Dataflow(my_lambda, db, "(λ)Periodically cleans DB")

my_lambda_to_db.protocol = "SQL"

my_lambda_to_db.dstPort = 3306

 

user_to_web = Dataflow(user, web, "User enters comments (*)")

user_to_web.protocol = "HTTP"

user_to_web.dstPort = 80

user_to_web.data = 'Comments in HTML or Markdown'

user_to_web.order = 1

 

web_to_user = Dataflow(web, user, "Comments saved (*)")

web_to_user.protocol = "HTTP"

web_to_user.data = 'Ack of saving or error message, in JSON'

web_to_user.order = 2

 

web_to_db = Dataflow(web, db, "Insert query with comments")

web_to_db.protocol = "MySQL"

web_to_db.dstPort = 3306

web_to_db.data = 'MySQL insert statement, all literals'

web_to_db.order = 3

 

db_to_web = Dataflow(db, web, "Comments contents")

db_to_web.protocol = "MySQL"

db_to_web.data = 'Results of insert op'

db_to_web.order = 4

 

tm.process()

图表将以Dot或PlantUML的形式输出。

如果在运行tm.py文件时使用了“--dfd”参数,那么它将会向stdout生成输出文件:

tm.py --dfd | dot -Tpng -o sample.png

生成的图表如下:

a.png

下列命令可以生成一份序列图:

tm.py --seq | java -Djava.awt.headless=true -jar plantuml.jar -tpng -pipe > seq.png

b.png

生成的图表和数据可以引入到模板文件中来创建最终的报告:

tm.py --report docs/template.md | pandoc -f markdown -t html > report.html

用于生成报告的模板格式如下:

# Threat Model Sample

***

 

## System Description

 

{tm.description}

 

## Dataflow Diagram

 

![Level 0 DFD](dfd.png)

 

## Dataflows

 

Name|From|To |Data|Protocol|Port

----|----|---|----|--------|----

{dataflows:repeat:{{item.name}}|{{item.source.name}}|{{item.sink.name}}|{{item.data}}|{{item.protocol}}|{{item.dstPort}}

}

 

## Findings

 

{findings:repeat:* {{item.description}} on element "{{item.target}}"

}

当前支持的威胁如下:

INP01 - Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables

INP02 - Overflow Buffers

INP03 - Server Side Include (SSI) Injection

CR01 - Session Sidejacking

INP04 - HTTP Request Splitting

CR02 - Cross Site Tracing

INP05 - Command Line Execution through SQL Injection

INP06 - SQL Injection through SOAP Parameter Tampering

SC01 - JSON Hijacking (aka JavaScript Hijacking)

LB01 - API Manipulation

AA01 - Authentication Abuse/ByPass

DS01 - Excavation

DE01 - Interception

DE02 - Double Encoding

API01 - Exploit Test APIs

AC01 - Privilege Abuse

INP07 - Buffer Manipulation

AC02 - Shared Data Manipulation

DO01 - Flooding

HA01 - Path Traversal

AC03 - Subverting Environment Variable Values

DO02 - Excessive Allocation

DS02 - Try All Common Switches

INP08 - Format String Injection

INP09 - LDAP Injection

INP10 - Parameter Injection

INP11 - Relative Path Traversal

INP12 - Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow

AC04 - XML Schema Poisoning

DO03 - XML Ping of the Death

AC05 - Content Spoofing

INP13 - Command Delimiters

INP14 - Input Data Manipulation

DE03 - Sniffing Attacks

CR03 - Dictionary-based Password Attack

API02 - Exploit Script-Based APIs

HA02 - White Box Reverse Engineering

DS03 - Footprinting

AC06 - Using Malicious Files

HA03 - Web Application Fingerprinting

SC02 - XSS Targeting Non-Script Elements

AC07 - Exploiting Incorrectly Configured Access Control Security Levels

INP15 - IMAP/SMTP Command Injection

HA04 - Reverse Engineering

SC03 - Embedding Scripts within Scripts

INP16 - PHP Remote File Inclusion

AA02 - Principal Spoof

CR04 - Session Credential Falsification through Forging

DO04 - XML Entity Expansion

DS04 - XSS Targeting Error Pages

SC04 - XSS Using Alternate Syntax

CR05 - Encryption Brute Forcing

AC08 - Manipulate Registry Information

DS05 - Lifting Sensitive Data Embedded in Cache

项目地址

Pytm:【GitHub传送门

*参考来源:izar,FB小编Alpha_h4ck编译,转载请注明来自FreeBuf.COM

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