Metasploit入门系列(九)——Meterpreter(二)

Metasploit入门系列专题特辑,Author:RabbitMask

不好意思,今天是严谨的纯技术板块!各位可用于快速备查。

前段可略过,请看到最后。

本文档编辑时间:2018年11月27日

目录

全部命令(之所以选用英文,才不是因为网上找不到最新完整的中文介绍,原汁原味)

常用命令(这也算对纯英文命令集做了一个良好的补充)


Core Commands

=============

    ? – Help menu

    background – Backgrounds the current session

    bgkill – Kills a background meterpreter script

    bglist – Lists running background scripts

    bgrun – Executes a meterpreter script as a background thread

    channel – Displays information or control active channels

    close – Closes a channel

    disable_unicode_encoding – Disables encoding of unicode strings

    enable_unicode_encoding – Enables encoding of unicode strings

    exit – Terminate the meterpreter session

    get_timeouts – Get the current session timeout values

    guid – Get the session GUID

    help – Help menu

    info – Displays information about a Post module

    irb – Open an interactive Ruby shell on the current session

    load – Load one or more meterpreter extensions

    machine_id – Get the MSF ID of the machine attached to the session

    migrate – Migrate the server to another process

    pivot – Manage pivot listeners

    pry – Open the Pry debugger on the current session

    quit – Terminate the meterpreter session

    read – Reads data from a channel

    resource – Run the commands stored in a file

    run – Executes a meterpreter script or Post module

    sessions – Quickly switch to another session

    set_timeouts – Set the current session timeout values

    sleep – Force Meterpreter to go quiet, then re-establish session.

    transport – Change the current transport mechanism

    use – Deprecated alias for “load”

    uuid – Get the UUID for the current session

    write – Writes data to a channel

Stdapi: File system Commands

============================

    cat – Read the contents of a file to the screen

    cd – Change directory

    checksum – Retrieve the checksum of a file

    cp – Copy source to destination

    dir – List files (alias for ls)

    download – Download a file or directory

    edit – Edit a file

    getlwd – Print local working directory

    getwd – Print working directory

    lcd – Change local working directory

    lls – List local files

    lpwd – Print local working directory

    ls –  List files

    mkdir – Make directory

    mv – Move source to destination

    pwd – Print working directory

    rm – Delete the specified file

    rmdir – Remove directory

    search – Search for files

    show_mount  – List all mount points/logical drives

    upload – Upload a file or directory

Stdapi: Networking Commands

===========================

    arp – Display the host ARP cache

    getproxy – Display the current proxy configuration

    ifconfig – Display interfaces

    ipconfig – Display interfaces

    netstat – Display the network connections

    portfwd – Forward a local port to a remote service

    resolve – Resolve a set of host names on the target

    route – View and modify the routing table

Stdapi: System Commands

=======================

    clearev – Clear the event log

    drop_token – Relinquishes any active impersonation token.

    execute – Execute a command

    getenv – Get one or more environment variable values

    getpid – Get the current process identifier

    getprivs – Attempt to enable all privileges available to the current process

    getsid – Get the SID of the user that the server is running as

    getuid – Get the user that the server is running as

    kill – Terminate a process

    localtime – Displays the target system’s local date and time

    pgrep – Filter processes by name

    pkill – Terminate processes by name

    ps – List running processes

    reboot – Reboots the remote computer

    reg – Modify and interact with the remote registry

    rev2self – Calls RevertToSelf() on the remote machine

    shell – Drop into a system command shell

    shutdown – Shuts down the remote computer

    steal_token – Attempts to steal an impersonation token from the target process

    suspend – Suspends or resumes a list of processes

    sysinfo – Gets information about the remote system, such as OS

Stdapi: User interface Commands

===============================

    enumdesktops – List all accessible desktops and window stations

    getdesktop – Get the current meterpreter desktop

    idletime – Returns the number of seconds the remote user has been idle

    keyscan_dump – Dump the keystroke buffer

    keyscan_start – Start capturing keystrokes

    keyscan_stop – Stop capturing keystrokes

    screenshot – Grab a screenshot of the interactive desktop

    setdesktop – Change the meterpreters current desktop

    uictl – Control some of the user interface components

Stdapi: Webcam Commands

=======================

    record_mic – Record audio from the default microphone for X seconds

    webcam_chat – Start a video chat

    webcam_list – List webcams

    webcam_snap – Take a snapshot from the specified webcam

    webcam_stream – Play a video stream from the specified webcam

Stdapi: Audio Output Commands

=============================

play – play an audio file on target system, nothing written on disk

Priv: Elevate Commands

======================

    getsystem – Attempt to elevate your privilege to that of local system.

Priv: Password database Commands

================================

    hashdump – Dumps the contents of the SAM database

Priv: Timestomp Commands

========================

    timestomp – Manipulate file MACE attributes


接下来,我们选取部分常用命令做进一步解释。

 background  Backgrounds the current session,该命令是将当前session会话置入后台,从而可进行其它操作,当再次操作时可通过session -i *再次进入会话。

 pwd ,我们知道这个命令在Windows下是没有的,但在这里pwd只是个属于Meterpreter的命令,而不是属于某个OS,所有任意系统该命令都可运行。类似ls&dir上述问题同样存在于这两个有意思的命令,dir的解释居然是ls的别名,换句话说,在Meterpreter下不在区分OS,完全等价。

我们应该发现了几个奇怪的命令:cd / lcd / pwd / lpwd / ls / lls,区别在于lcd/lpwd/lls作用于本地,在我们上传操作时会用到,用来调整或查看路径。

clearev 用于情况日志/擦屁股 ,我们可以看到这种敏感级的操作都是需要system权限的,然而本次测试机版本偏高,且为server系统,因环境原因在这里未能复现,大家自行尝试。关于效果大家可以查看windows下事件查看器,是否已被清空。

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download 用于将文件下载到本地。

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upload 用于文件上传,但当目标为Windows系统时,需要注意的时windows下的‘\’会被转义,所以我们在路径中使用‘\’时需要敲两次~

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execute (Execute a command),我们可以看到官方的解释是执行一条命令,但我们习惯上更多的是借助-f参数来运行可执行程序。还需要留一下的就是-H参数,是大H,用于后台隐藏执行,不输出到屏幕,也就不会看到下面的第三张图片。

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getuid 查看当前用户身份。

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getprivs 查看当前用户具备的权限。

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getpid 查看当前木马进程号,有什么意义的?继续往下看。

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使用ps命令查看当前进程,我们可以看到3492对应进程,谁都会对这只兔子起疑心吧?

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还记得有次提过这个吧?对的,就是图形桌面的进程。

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migrate 用于迁移进程,成功讲进程迁移至1408,也就是说,桌面(图形界面)不崩,木马不倒!

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shell用于进入目标shell界面,使用exit命令退出shell界面。

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查看arp,要打穿内网的话还是要记牢的吧。

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idletime 目标服务器空闲时间,用于判断是否有人正在使用。

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还有一部分常用命令如:sysinfo (查看系统信息),getsystem(获取最高权限),ps(查看所有进程)kill(杀死进程)基本已经提到了,shutdown(关机),reboot(重启),netstat(查看网络连接清空),ipconfig=ifconfig(查看本机ip),这里作为一类命令简单提下,还是那句话,他们不区分OS,他们属于Meterpreter,虽然你看他们那么眼熟甚至功能完全一致。

接下来!是个大头!

run / bgrun 介绍这两个命令的时候,我都忍不住要加粗!该命令用于执行脚本或POST模块,我们可以看到当前有281条可供选择的模块或脚本,再次看到post模块,不知道小伙伴们是否眼熟,早在第二节课我们就提出将post模块放到后边讲解,作为后渗透阶段的核心模块,我只能说,小伙伴们再等一下下~

前排提示,bgrun并不是说再目标机隐蔽运行,而是在本机上后台运行,类似-j的效果。

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这里我们简单举例,显然如果展开讲的话要可劲的整上几节课@。@

run killav  杀死杀毒软件w(゚Д゚)w

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run post/windows/gather/enum_computers 用于枚举域内所有用户,当然这里的目标机不属于任何域。

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run persistence,我们知道Meterpreter的强大之处之一在于它运行于内存中,不易被杀毒软件发现,但只要目标机环境合适,或你对自己的免杀足够自信,可通过该命令写入硬盘,下次目标机启动时,木马将会自启动。

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run post/multi/gather/wlan_geolocate,基于wlan进行地理位置确认,当看到如下返回结果时,我也是一脸懵逼,找了好久,最终loot文件夹在这里:/root/.msf4/loot ,如果通过该模块获得了地理信息,会在该文件夹下生成txt文件。大家注意下路径重点msf4,保不准明天就变成msf5了,大家自己留意下,是隐藏文件,看文件夹记得勾隐藏文件,命令行查看记得加-a。

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run hashdump 获取目标系统用户密码hash,我这里显示失败了,我们看提示此命令该脚本需要系统用户system权限,所以大家可以结合上章节提到的getsystem使用。

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run service_manager ,目标系统服务管理,我们可以看到它还有属于自己的参数,大家可以根据自己的需要使用,一般用于信息收集我们常会用到-l参数。

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run post/windows/wlan/wlan_profile ,用于读取目标主机WiFi密码。出去用了不许说我交的!!!这里因为是一台桥接的虚拟机,所以检测不存在wlanapi十分合理。

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run vnc ,我知道你们等这条命令好久啦,没错啦,屏幕实时监控。

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然后配合run sound_recorder(声音记录),run webcam(开启摄像头)食用效果更佳。 

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这篇文章可真是又臭又长,碰到了不知道多少个坑,至于下节课的素材嘛,就补充性的讲实战中的坑吧。提前感谢小伙伴提供的免杀技术支持和比较善良小姐姐(限今天)被迫提供的实战演示环境!

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